Ali Al-Wardi

Ali Al-Wardi, an Iraqi sociologist, historian, and professor. He renowned for his balanced and objective approach in his field. Born in the Kazimiyah district of Baghdad in 1913. His academic journey was marked by perseverance and intellectual rigor. Al-Wardi’s early years were challenging; in 1924, he left formal education to work as an apprentice at an apothecary. He left only because of his dismissing for preoccupation with reading over attending to customers. This setback, however, did not deter him. Also, he later managed his own small shop. And in a transformative decision in 1931, returned to evening classes in sixth grade, heralding a new chapter in his life.

His dedication to education was unwavering. After completing his secondary education with distinction, ranking third in Iraq, Ali Al-Wardi was awarded a scholarship to the American University in Beirut, where he earned his bachelor’s degree. His academic pursuits then led him to the University of Texas at Austin in the United States, where he obtained a Master’s degree in 1948 and a Ph.D. in 1950. The university president, recognizing his potential, predicted a bright future for him in sociology upon presenting his doctoral degree.

Ali Al-Wardi’s contributions to sociology were significant and diverse. He authored over 150 research papers. Housed in the library of the Sociology Department at the College of Arts, University of Baghdad. The methodology of Ibn Khaldun deeply influenced his approach to sociology. Yet Al-Wardi’s commitment to objective research often brought him into conflict with prevailing ideologies. He faced criticism from Arab nationalists for not adhering to the concept of a singular Arab personality, as evidenced by the title of his book, “Personality of the Iraqi Individual.” Similarly, communists critiqued him for not employing the historical materialist approach in his studies.

Furthermore, in 1943, Ali Al-Wardi began his teaching career in Baghdad’s Central Secondary School under the Ministry of Education. His academic journey continued as he became a sociology professor at the College of Arts, University of Baghdad in 1950.

Additionally, he later appointed as an emeritus professor by the University of Baghdad in 1970, upon his request for retirement.

Throughout his life, Ali Al-Wardi dedicated himself to writing and research, paying little attention to personal gain. He often found himself at odds with ruling authorities. Seeing his future crafted through his own efforts amidst struggles and tireless dedication. The notable writers like Salama Moussa and Abdul Razzaq Muhyi Al-Din chronicled his legacy, and he was the subject of hundreds of newspapers, encyclopedias, books, and academic theses. In the late 1970s, Al-Wardi turned to writing his memoirs, intending to publish them as a book, cementing his position as a key figure in the intellectual and academic landscape of the Arab world.

Books Written by Ali Al-Wardi